September 7th, 2012
Muslim World vs. Rest of the World
Muslims make up 1.6 billion or 23% of the world population with a majority in 50 different countries.
Are they contributing to the world?
Does Muslim World lag behind the rest of the world?
Let’s Find Out…
According to 2015 statistics, the overall literacy rate in Muslim countries is 76.99%, which is lower than the global literacy rate of 86.3%. Individual numbers for Muslim men and women are also on a lower side. Literacy rates in the Muslim world range between 71 percent among females and 82 percent among males. While global literacy rates of females and men are 82.7% and 90% respectively.
These numbers do not look depressing, but not encouraging as well. A religion that emphasis on education, its followers should be the role models for the rest of the world. But unfortunately, that’s not the case.
A nation once thriving in Science. Great Scholars, Mathematicians, Philosopher and Scientist like Ibn al-Haytham, Bīrūnī and Al-Khazini enlightened the world with the knowledge But for the last 500 years, scientific contribution form Muslims has significantly declined and currently, the situation is extremely disappointing.
Based on the citations of articles published in internationally circulating science journals, Muslim Majority countries are around 23% of the global population but generate less than 5% of science  (Even though this was analyzed back in 1987 by Dr. Abdus Salam, but figures are not much different) . On the contrary, Britain is 1% of the global population and produces 16% of science .
Till 2009, not a single Muslim majority country made up to top 20 countries by the number of published scientific papers . According to SJR (Scientific Journal Rankings), in 2015, Two Muslim countries Iran (Rank 16) and Turkey (Rank 18) made up to the list of top 20 countries. 
Between 1901 and 2016, the Nobel Prize has been awarded to 881 individuals (including all categories), But only 12 of them were from Muslim Countries. 
As of 2013, the aggregated size of the economies of all Muslim Countries put together is around 5.83 trillion. Chine alone has the economy of 8.36 trillion. Which is 43% more than all the Muslim countries combined. 
According to UC-Berkeley Professor M. Steven Fish, that by judging murder rates, people in Muslim-majority countries actually tend to be significantly less violent. Predominantly, Muslim countries average 2.4 murders per annum per 100,000 people, compared to 7.5 in non-Muslim countries. 
Comparison between the Muslim World and the rest of the world can be done in many other categories but these are some major ones. Above statistics illustrate the current and declining situation in Muslim majority countries. Unfortunately, due to the current scenario, the rest of the world question Islam and held it responsible for this decline. Muslims have to step up to answer those questions by contributing to the World.
 Abdus Salam, Ideals and Realities: Selected Essays of Abdus Salam (Philadelphia: World Scientific, 1987), p. 109. Seven Muslim countries — Pakistan, Turkey, Malaysia, Egypt, Iran, Indonesia, and Saudi Arabia — account for 90 percent of this total. Citation counts measure the extent to which articles are read and used by other scientists, and so indicate both output and influence. While subject to the criticism, for example, that journals in lesser-used languages are not tabulated, the citation count is the single most reliable measurement of scientific achievement.
 SCImago. (2007). SJR — SCImago Journal & Country Rank. Retrieved July 21, 2015, from http://www.scimagojr.com
 “Economy: China and Muslim countries compared”, NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/compare/China/Muslim-countries/Economy
 M. Steven Fish . (2011). Are Muslims Distinctive?: A Look at the Evidence (page 120-121). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.